Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana (Dagga)                                                                         Home

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Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana (Dagga)
Illegal Drugs
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There is a general misconception that hemp and marijuana are one and the same. The fact is that there are huge differences between the two. Though they are related and of the same family, Cannabis sativa L., hemp and marijuana (pot) are not the
same plant.

Hemp is a fibrous plant that is farmed for making many products such as textiles, construction materials, oil, food and
of course paper. There are many other uses for it, but these are the most common ones. Another thing you should be
aware of is that hemp is closely associated with marijuana. Many people think that they're the same plant, when in fact
they are not.

The first major and most notable difference between hemp and marijuana is their chemical composition.
The marijuana plant is very high in THC, a psychoactive ingredient that is desirable to people who smoke it
for recreation. Hemp contains very small amounts of THC; it would be impossible to smoke enough to feel any
mind altering effects.

The second quality that differentiates between the two plants is that hemp grows a large amount of fibrous material, and
marijuana does not. This material is useful and has many applications in industry; it can be used to make textiles, building materials, paper, rope and oil, to name just a few. The seeds of the hemp plant are also a highly nutritious food source
that is gaining in popularity, especially for people that are interested in eating whole, natural foods.

When comparing the two plants, it is easy to see that hemp is more versatile and useful for us. It has a long history of
use by people that goes back ten to twelve thousand years. Since around the 1950's it has been illegal to grow in the
United States, and has been compared to marijuana unfairly since that time. It is good for people to be made aware
of the difference between the two, because hemp can benefit the entire planet; it requires very little pesticides to grow
successfully and it can be used to make environmentally friendly products.

Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that includes three putative varieties, Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica,
and Cannabis ruderalis.

This illegal drug is known as cannabis or marijuana (dagga, in South Africa)
Marijuana

Marijuana refers to the flowers clusters/buds of the Cannabis Sativa. It may include leaves, stems and seeds.
Higher quality marijuana is made using only the dried flowering buds of the plant, while other marijuana may include
leaves, stems,and seeds.

Marijuana belongs to the Cannabis Sativa; a plant containg tetrahydracannibonol, more commonly known as THC,
the active ingredient which provides an existential like state of cosmic interaction known as being high. Several different
varieties exist, including Sativa and Indica. The bud's physical qualities include tiny red/brown hairs and a white crystalline
powder coating. Marijuana is usually grown, dried and then rolled and smoked or used in a pipe or bong. It can also be
eaten; it is usually cooked and added to brownie or cookie mixtures. It is sold according to its dried weight in either
ounces or grams. The price will vary depending on the quality, amount and/or your dealer. Marijuana is illegal in most
western countries, but has currently been decriminalized in Britain. Amsterdam is one country in which the controlled
and moderated use of marijuana is not illegal. It can also be cultivated in a solid resinous form known as Hashish or
Hash.

    
Images. 1) Cannabis Sativa flowering phase and 2) Sativa bud/flower

  
Leaves from the cannabis plant are bright green and have a distinctive shape with five or seven leaflets. The flowering tops
and upper leaves are covered in a sticky resin.

     
Images. 1) Marijuana and 2) Marijuana seeds.

    
Images. 1) Bubba_Kush. one high-quality bud  nugget of marijuana and Cannabis sativa bud. 2) Some Dutch green.

                            
Images. 1)Trichomes on Cannabis, rich in cannabinoids. Trichomes ("Trikhoma meaning hair") are fine outgrowths or appen
dages on plant and certain protists. These are of diverse structure and function. Examples are hairs, glandular hairs, scales,
and papillae. 2) Volcano vaporizer filling up a bag of dank vapor.

Hemp

Hemp is a natural, long-lasting, as well as gentle fiber of cannabis plants. It is collected from the strain of Sativa kind of
plants. These plants develop 15-20 feet in height. These types of plants do not have recreational value since it has small psychoactive compound levels.
Here are just a few examples of the hemp plants many uses. Paper that is made from hemp fibers can be recycled up to ten
times; tree paper can only be recycled twice. It would be wonderful if we never had to cut down another tree to make sticky
notes or toilet paper to flush down the toilet ever again. Another benefit is that hemp produces more useable material per
acre than cotton crops and requires less water to grow. Its fibers are also stronger, more durable and resistant to mold.
France grows hemp and uses it to make building materials such as concrete and plaster. Ireland uses it for insulation and
hemp boards. And this is just the beginning, as there are so many other benefits that we can reap from this misunderstood
plant.

 
Hemp plant.Photo by kat_geb and Hemp seeds. Photo by D-Kuru

Street names for Cannabis and Marijuana
Grass, pot, hash, weed, reefer, dope, herb, mull, buddha, ganja, joint, stick, buckets, cones, skunk, hydro, yarndi, smoke,
hooch, bud, Mary Jane, cheeba, Ganja, shake, chronic, hemp, green gold.

Smoking marijuana
Marijuana are usually smoked, either in a pipe (metal, glass, ceramic, stone, wood pipes) or a water pipe (bongs), cigarettes (joints), or cigars (blunts). Blunts are cigars that are emptied of tobacco and refilled with marijuana. Spliff - A joint (marijuana cigarette)sometimes rolled with half weed, half tobaco, or sprinkled along the bud.
Cannabis smoking is the inhalation of vapors released by heating the flowers, leaves, or extracts of the Cannabis plants,
known as marijuana. Smoking releases the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), also
known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, which is absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs.

"Weed is weed don't matter how you smoke as long as you get that great high going." (weed smoker)
"The best way to get high is a joint of hard weed u can roll it big, small, plain or not and you can take it
anywhere" (weed smoker)

A Joint and a glass bong and glass pipes

Sub products of Cannabis

Kief

A) Kief
This is a powdered compound full of trichomes. It is prepared from the leaves and flowers of cannabis plants. It can be consu-
med either in powdered form/compressed form. These cakes are known as hashish. Kief/ keef sometimes called kef/kif. This means "Well-being or Pleasure." It is the resin, known as trichomes, accrued from cannabis. From loose, dried up, cannabis
buds; it accumulates inside containers via a net or filter. Concentration of THC is high in kief. It is easy to store and to deliver.
Kief is vaporized and inhaled in its powder form.

Hash. Hash or Hashish, Consisting of the main Cannabinoids THC/THCA. The main forms of hashish, bubble hash,
and hash oil are produced from Psychoactive Cannabinoids for recreational use to get "high" or for medical use to treat
the pain involved with many illnesses and conditions, such as Cancer and HIV/AIDS, etc. Photo by Mullaways

B) Hashish
Hashish, hasheesh, hashisha, or simply hash. It is a resin in concentrated form. It is extracted from cannabis plant. It has
strong effect than marijuana. User devour in either ways, through smoking or by chewing. Based on limpidness, shade differs
from Dark to golden brown. It is a preparation of cannabis by compressing stalked resin known as trichomes. This is obtained
from the buds, which are unfertilized, from the cannabis plants. It also contains THC but in much concentrated form, com-
pared to unseperated buds or leaves. Hashish, a cake/paste-like substance, varies in hardness and malleability. Common
color is light and dark brown. Other shades could vary towards green, yellow, black, or red. Hashish is blended with cannabis
buds or tobacco then warmed and smoked. It is popularly smoked with glass-pipe/hookah/ bong/ bubbler/vaporizer/hot knife
and or with joints.

C) Hash-Oil
It is popular as BHO (butane honey oil). Hash-Oil is actually a mixture of essential oils and resins. Mature cannabis plants
are processed by mixing various solvents to extract resin. It contains higher percentage of cannabinoids i.e., 40% to 90%,
THC may differ in between 70% to 90%. Hence, hash-oil is a highly concentrated product. It is usually used in variety of
cannabis foods. Nevertheless, honey oil is a particular type of hash-oil produced from the more effective areas of the
cannabis plant. Hash oil is conventionally a dark, sticky fluid. Hash oils can be consumed in various ways. Such as via
smoking, vaporizing method, or may be orally. Evidence is there that Hash-oil too has anti-carcinogenic properties. Mind
that it is classified as a "schedule 1 controlled substance" in the US Federal law. Hence, it is a crime to possess such
kind of compound. The UNODC details that 1) Marijuana - 5% THC content, 2) Resin - THC content is 20% and 3) THC
content is 60% in Hash-oil.

Negative effects of Marijuana
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in United States and is obtained from dried flower, stem, leaves, and seeds
of female cannabis plant. Marijuana is a psychoactive drug and abused as it gives a sense of high or euphoria and relaxation. Marijuana contains 400 chemicals, of which 60 are cannabinoids. The most active psychoactive cannabinoid in Marijuana is
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC that leads to harmful health effects like increased heart rate, low blood pressure,
respiratory and immune system problems, anxiety, and can even cause cancer.
Effect on Brain
When Marijuana is smoked, THC, the active chemical ingredient in Marijuana gets immediately dissolves in blood and carried
to brain and other parts of body. The THC affects the activity of brain by binding to the cannabinoid receptors in brain. Since cannabinoid receptors have higher density in parts of brain that control concentration, pleasure, memory, coordinated move-
ments and more, the person abusing Marijuana suffers from memory loss, lack of coordination, distorted perception, problems
in cognitive abilities, thinking and problem solving difficulties etc due to affected receptors. Chronic Marijuana use is also associated with increase in anxiety, suicidal tendency, depression, and schizophrenia.
Effect on Heart
Smoking Marijuana can increase the heart rate suddenly and this effect can last for 3-4 hours. The increased heart rate further increases the chances of heart attack in the first hour after smoking Marijuana. The risk of Marijuana abuser suffering from
heart attack also increases due to disturbances in heart rhythms that lead to palpitations and arrhythmias. The aged people
having heart complications stand at greater risk of suffering from heart attack due to Marijuana abuse.
Effect on Lungs
Smoking Marijuana can deposit 4 times more tar in lungs than smoking normal cigarettes. Marijuana smoke is damaging to
lungs as it also contains more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke. Carcinogens are chemical substances that
can cause cancer. Marijuana smokers normally inhale the smoke deeply and hold their breath for longer time. Thus, the carcinogenic smoke remains in contact with epithelial lining of lungs for longer time and damages it. Also, Marijuana smokers suffer from other respiratory ailments like cough and phlegm production, acute chest illness, increased risk of lung infections,
and other respiratory illnesses.
Effect on Liver
The effects of Marijuana abuse on liver are still being researched. Marijuana alone can not be credited to cause liver damage
but the impurities and other plant residues that come along with Marijuana can be detrimental to the liver. Marijuana abuse can severely affect the liver function if the person is suffering from ailments like Hepatitis C infection, HIV, Cirrhosis, Hepatomegaly
and more.
Effect on Daily Life
Marijuana abuse has severe implications on health, mental well-being, family life, social relations, and on career of the indivi-
dual. Marijuana abuse can disturb the daily life as the person suffers from memory loss, health complications, decreased
thinking and problem solving abilities etc. Marijuana abuse leads to increased absenteeism, inability to concentrate,
accidents, tardiness, job turnover, cognitive impairment and more.
Marijuana abuse especially among college students and adolescents needs to be curbed as it can lead to abuse of more
severe illicit drug and act as a gateway drug. Dependence on Marijuana can be effectively treated through proper behavioral interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, and motivational incentives.

Sources.
Wikipedia
Dispelling Myths About Hemp and Marijuana by Lanie Robinson.Her blog
Information of Cannabis by Reuel Sarkar
Nate Rodnay
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