The Date Rape drugs fall into a category of recreational drugs known as "Club Drugs" due to the fact that they are often used, bought and sold at bars, raves and parties. They cover a wide spectrum of substances including the Date Rape drugs.
By definition a "Date Rape" drug is any substance that is used in as a tool to place the intended victim in a suggestible or help-
less stated through the administration of a mind altering substance. I think it's important to note that any drug has the potential
to be utilized in the commission of a sexual assault. People often forget that "Alcohol" is most commonly employed drug in
sexual assaults, not Rohypnol, Ketamine or GHB.
Rohypnol (Roofies, Ruffies, Rib, Rope, Forget Pill, R2, Roche, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Erasers, Poor Man's
Qualude, Trip-and-Fall, Whitey's)
This is one of the "Big Three" drugs we commonly associate with Date Rape. It is an extremely powerful sedative and pres-
cribed as a sleep aid. It is colorless, odorless and tasteless when mixed with food, water or alcohol. Rohypnol also goes by the brand name of flunitrazepam, and is available in North America. Rohypnol takes effect relatively quickly and effects are usually noted within 20-30 minutes of ingestion of the drug. Its effects can last anywhere from 6-8 hours dependent upon the dose and
the victims weight and other factors such as alcohol consumption. The effects of Rohypnol are extreme drowsiness, lowered
blood pressure, visual disturbances, dizziness, and confusion, loss of muscle control, slurred speech and unconsciousness.
Rohypnol produces effects that appear as extreme intoxication after very little to drink. It also often leaves the victim with little
or no memory of what occurred while under the drugs influence. The drug now has an additive that causes a precipitate (blue
flakes) to form when it is mixed with a liquid. This should make a drink laced with this drug easy to spot.
Rohypnol, similarly recognized as Darkene, Flunitrazepam, Flunipam, Hypnodorm, Inervon or Vulbegal, is a
benzodiazepine derivative medicine manufactured by Roche, which is given to patients with chronic insomnia.
Good news: Israeli scientists say they've developed a sensor that looks like a straw or a stirrer that can detect two of
the most commonly used date rape drugs with 100 percent accuracy. And Drink Savvy, a Boston-based company, has
created a material that changes color when it comes in contact with a drug-spiked drink.
GHB (Grievous Bodily Harm, Liquid X, Scoop, Liquid Ecstasy, Easy Lay, Cherry Meth, Energy Drink, G, Gamma 10, Georgia
Home Boy, Goop, Gook, G-Juice, Liquid E, Salt Water, Soap, Somatomax, Vita-G)
GHB or gamma hydroxybutyric is the second of the "Big Three" drugs utilized for sexual assaults. This drug was banned in
1991 but has since made resurgence as a legal muscle enhancer and fat reducer. The drug is easily available and instructions
for its use and manufacturing are available on the internet. This drug is available in liquid, powder and tablet. GHB gives drinks
a slightly salty taste, so it is often mixed with sweet tasting drinks such as fruit juice to mask the saltiness. GHB can be
extremely dangerous especially when mixed with alcohol. It takes effect within 10-15 minutes of ingestion and can produce
effects varying from relaxation and euphoria at low doses, to extreme fatigue, unconsciousness, and seizures and vomiting. Overdoses of GHB often require emergency medical treatment to combat coma and the depression of the victim's respiration.
Ketamine (Special K, Calvin Klein, Vitamin K, Ket, Black Hole, Cat Valium, Green, Jet, K-Hole, Kit Kat, Psychedelic Heroin,
Super Acid, Purple)
Ketamine was originally designed and used as a field anesthetic in Vietnam. It was discovered that it had some terrible side
effects on humans and is now used as a veterinary drug. Ketamine comes in liquid or powdered form and is commonly snorted, injected or ingested. It is water soluble as well as tasteless, colorless and odorless. The drug generally takes effect within
10-15 minutes of ingestion and are short lived. Victims experience a profound change in the level of consciousness as well as memory impairment and difficulty organizing and understanding the environment. Higher doses cause unconsciousness.
Perhaps more valuable than a lesson on the types of drugs used and the methods in which they are employed it would be
more valuable to look at how you can avoid becoming a victim through some very simple Personal Safety practices.
o Never accept a drink that you have not ordered, or seen mixed/opened for yourself.
o Never leave your drink unattended.
o Don't drink anything that looks or tastes "Off". If you are unsure don't drink it.
o Never drink anything that has a precipitate (residue) on the glass or in the drink.
o If you start to feel funny, or more intoxicated than can be accounted for by the amount you've consumed, call 911.
o Never accept drinks or drugs from strangers.
o Don't assume that this can only happen at raves, bars and big house parties. More and more often I am hearing about these
drugs being employed at sporting events, High School/Junior High dances, college campuses, workplace parties etc.
o Always go out/party with a group of friends.
o Plan to go home as a group or with someone you trust.
By incorporating some basic knowledge of these substances and how they can be used to facilitate a sexual assault, women
can protect themselves through proactive planning and preventative practices. We may never completely eliminate the use of chemical warfare in the commission of sexual assaults, but we can start reducing the statistics one women at a time through knowledge, preparation, training and practice.
StreetSense Safety and Security Inc. http://www.streetsensesafety.ca/