Greece was home to some of the earliest advanced civilizations.
From the Minoans of the second BC millennium to Mycenaeans who established the basis of the current language, the country has produ-ced cultural, philosophical, political and sport advancements unrivaled by others.
The modern Greek state obtained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. It has carried on what seems like a constant conflict with Turkey and was also involved in both World Wars. In 1981,
Greece joined the European Community that eventually evolved into
the European Union.
Country name: Greece ( Ellas or Ellada) or Hellenic Republic
( Elliniki Dhimokratia )
Location: A country in southeastern Europe
Terrain: The terrain of Greece ranges from mountains in the north to
flat plains in the south and beautiful islands off the coast. Winters are mild while summers are hot and dry.
Ethnic groups: Greek and Turkish
Religions: Greek, Muslim
Languages: Greek (official), English, French
The Acropolis of Athens is the best known acropolis (high city) in Greece. Although there are many other acropolises in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as The Acropolis without qualification. The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock which rises 150 m (512 ft) above
sea level in the city of Athens, Greece. It was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Kekrops or Cecrops,
The Acropolis in Athens - a symbol in Greece
The Acropolis in Athens is the most symbolic area in Greece. Although in ancient Greece most major cities used to have their own acropolis, this
spot is known as the centre of Athens and contains the most iconic and famous ancient constructions in the entire country. This way, the Acropolis
is the most visited destination in not only Athens, but in the entire Greece
as well, being a major attraction for tourists from around the world who approach this region in order to meet these constructions.
The Acropolis hill, also known as the Sacred Rock, contains several
ancient symbolic constructions such as per example, the Parthenon, the Temple of Nike, and the Erechtheion. These spots, built within the years
450 and 330 BC have gone through several different historical moments
and meeting them is without any doubt as meeting the past in the present.
The Parthenon, in The Acropolis, is the most symbolic construction from Ancient Greece. The Parthenon was built between the years 446 and 432 BC in honor to the Goddess of Athens Athena Parthenos. This construction was built almost entirely with Pentelic marble and shows 8 columns at its two shorter sides and 17 columns at its longer ones, containing a statue of Athena
in its central area.
The Temple of Athena Nike, another major construction in The Acropolis, was built around the year 420 BC. This construction shows four columns at its shorter sides and walls in the larger sides. This construction's walls contains depictures of gods' conferences and battles at each side. The Erechtelion, is another major construction in The Acropolis. This construction was originally divided in two main sections which were dedicated to the Goddess Athena and the God Poseidon.
Another major spot located in The Acropolis in Athena is The Propylaea. The Propylaea was built between the years 436 and
431 BC following a design of the architect Mnesikles. This construction was built with the purpose of being the main entrance to The Acropolis and contains rows of columns and decorated walls. It is interesting to know that, due to its paintings, this construction is often known as the Pinakotheke.
Corinth - Uniting Peloponnese to Greece's Mainland
The city of Corinth is geographically located in a narrow land area, known as the Isthmus of Corinth, which connects the region
of Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece. The Isthmus of Greece, which was formerly used for the transportation of ships, is nowadays cut by a canal which is used for the purposes by which the isthmus was used before.
Corinth is the capital of Corinthia, a prefecture which belongs to the Greek region of the Peloponnese. Towards the western area of the city and the isthmus there is the gulf of Corinth, towards the east there is the Sacronic Gulf, and towards the south west, at about 50 miles, there is Athens. Besides this, there are several small islands or islets surrounding Corinth:
Kechries, Lechaio, Isthmia, Ancient Corinth, and Examilia.
The city of Corinth has gone through several different époques as well as it has had a variety of denominations. One of the first denominations it had
was Korinthos, but this name would change depending on different invaders and on who was in control of the town at different given periods.
The origins of Corinth date from as long ago as the 6th century BC, in the Neolithic Age. According to some discoveries, during the year 2000 BC,
the city was almost entirely destroyed. Next in the town's history, another important event happened during the Mycenean period, when the Dorians tried to invade and take the control over the town. The Dorians failed the first time, but succeeded after trying again, and settled
in Corinth for a while. Nowadays, an important part of the old city of Corinth can not be visited anymore due to the fact that it was partially destroyed by an earthquake towards the last years of the decade of 1850.
Despite of this, there still are many interesting historical spots that visitors can meet in the city and its surroundings, as well
as a variety of entertaining things to do. Corinth, as well as the entire prefecture of Corinthia, is a very attractive Greek destination which combines an amazing historical past with modern life in a unique way.